todaysdocument:

The Jefferson Memorial turns 75

On Friday, April 13, 2018, the memorial dedicated to Thomas Jefferson—our third President and principal author of the Declaration of Independence—turns 75.

The memorial’s architect, John Russell Pope (1874–1937), was also architect of the National Archives Building. While Pope lived long enough to see the opening of the Archives, he died before groundbreaking for the Jefferson Memorial had even commenced. His partners, Daniel P. Higgins and Otto R. Eggers, had to take over the memorial’s construction.

After Pope’s death, the Thomas Jefferson Memorial Commission, which oversaw the project, made changes to Pope’s design to counter some criticism about the scale of the memorial and address an outcry over plans to remove numerous cherry trees around the Tidal Basin. Construction on the revised plans began on December 15, 1938. The following November, President Franklin D. Roosevelt attended the cornerstone-laying ceremony.

Earlier in 1938, the commission had held a competition to select sculptors for the memorial. From more than 100 entries, they chose Rudulph Evans as the main sculptor and Adolph A. Weinman to sculpt the pediment relief located above the entrance. Weinman also designed the pediment on the north side of the National Archives Building, facing Pennsylvania Avenue, titled Destiny.

President Roosevelt returned on April 13, 1943, to dedicate the memorial, which coincided with the 200th anniversary of Jefferson’s birth. Due to metal shortages during World War II, Evans had not yet been able to complete the 10,000-pound, 19-foot-tall bronze statue of Jefferson, and instead a plaster cast was painted to mimic bronze (the bronze statue was not installed until 1947).

During the dedication celebration, the original Declaration of Independence was on display in the new memorial. Guarded 24 hours a day by a Marine Honor Guard, the document had been brought out of its war hiding place, Fort Knox. At that time, the Library of Congress had custody over the Declaration and moved it out of the city as a war precaution.

Seventy-five years later,  the Declaration is housed at the National Archives. And the Jefferson Memorial still stands over the Tidal Basin as a favorite designation for viewing the cherry blossoms each spring.

Happy 275th Birthday to Thomas Jefferson and 75th to the Jefferson Memorial!

via The Jefferson Memorial turns 75 | Pieces of History

todaysdocument:

The Jefferson Memorial turns 75

On Friday, April 13, 2018, the memorial dedicated to Thomas Jefferson—our third President and principal author of the Declaration of Independence—turns 75.

The memorial’s architect, John Russell Pope (1874–1937), was also architect of the National Archives Building. While Pope lived long enough to see the opening of the Archives, he died before groundbreaking for the Jefferson Memorial had even commenced. His partners, Daniel P. Higgins and Otto R. Eggers, had to take over the memorial’s construction.

After Pope’s death, the Thomas Jefferson Memorial Commission, which oversaw the project, made changes to Pope’s design to counter some criticism about the scale of the memorial and address an outcry over plans to remove numerous cherry trees around the Tidal Basin. Construction on the revised plans began on December 15, 1938. The following November, President Franklin D. Roosevelt attended the cornerstone-laying ceremony.

Earlier in 1938, the commission had held a competition to select sculptors for the memorial. From more than 100 entries, they chose Rudulph Evans as the main sculptor and Adolph A. Weinman to sculpt the pediment relief located above the entrance. Weinman also designed the pediment on the north side of the National Archives Building, facing Pennsylvania Avenue, titled Destiny.

President Roosevelt returned on April 13, 1943, to dedicate the memorial, which coincided with the 200th anniversary of Jefferson’s birth. Due to metal shortages during World War II, Evans had not yet been able to complete the 10,000-pound, 19-foot-tall bronze statue of Jefferson, and instead a plaster cast was painted to mimic bronze (the bronze statue was not installed until 1947).

During the dedication celebration, the original Declaration of Independence was on display in the new memorial. Guarded 24 hours a day by a Marine Honor Guard, the document had been brought out of its war hiding place, Fort Knox. At that time, the Library of Congress had custody over the Declaration and moved it out of the city as a war precaution.

Seventy-five years later,  the Declaration is housed at the National Archives. And the Jefferson Memorial still stands over the Tidal Basin as a favorite designation for viewing the cherry blossoms each spring.

Happy 275th Birthday to Thomas Jefferson and 75th to the Jefferson Memorial!

via The Jefferson Memorial turns 75 | Pieces of History

archiemcphee:

This afternoon the Department of Unexpected Interspecies Friendship is hanging out with Chowder the pot-bellied pig and her five rescued canine friends, Rika, Slick, Nya, James, Bashe. Together they form Piggypoo_and_crew and they live in Souther California with their doting human, Shelby Madere.

image

In an interview with the Instagram blog, Madere openly expressed her devotion to every one of the animals.

“My Wonderful Treasures Devotion and Commitment. …When I look at my crew, I see the reflection of who I am in them. Their happiness, their safety, their health, their whole lives rely on me and I will never ever let them down.”

Follow Chowder and her pupper pals on Instagram to keep up with their latest heartwarming adventures.

[via My Modern Met]

todaysdocument:

“California hop growers earnestly protest against threatened action of Federal government prohibiting brewing of beer as necessary war measure…”

Night Lettergram to John E. Baker from California Hop Growers, 4/28/1917 
Series: Petitions and Memorials, 1813 – 1968Record Group 233: Records of the U.S. House of Representatives, 1789 – 2015

Received April 28, 1917, this telegram was sent from the California Hop Growers Association, in protest of a proposed wartime ban on brewing beer.


Uncover more World War I Centennial Resources at the National Archives  

todaysdocument:

“California hop growers earnestly protest against threatened action of Federal government prohibiting brewing of beer as necessary war measure…”

Night Lettergram to John E. Baker from California Hop Growers, 4/28/1917 
Series: Petitions and Memorials, 1813 – 1968Record Group 233: Records of the U.S. House of Representatives, 1789 – 2015

Received April 28, 1917, this telegram was sent from the California Hop Growers Association, in protest of a proposed wartime ban on brewing beer.


Uncover more World War I Centennial Resources at the National Archives  

micdotcom:

Bernice King, MLK Jr.’s daughter, just epically took down that problematic Pepsi ad

  • King is not the only one to criticize the Pepsi spot, which was released this week and struck many as a tone-deaf ad attempting to capitalize on the vague concept of social justice. 
  • But King’s critique is especially biting considering her father’s legacy. 
  • Martin Luther King Jr. stood his ground in countless incidents with police who used violent tactics in response to his peaceful protests, and, to his daughter’s point, offering a can of soda probably wouldn’t have help them see eye-to-eye with his mission of social justice — or stopped him from being assassinated. Read more. (4/5/2017 1:09 PM)

micdotcom:

Bernice King, MLK Jr.’s daughter, just epically took down that problematic Pepsi ad

  • King is not the only one to criticize the Pepsi spot, which was released this week and struck many as a tone-deaf ad attempting to capitalize on the vague concept of social justice. 
  • But King’s critique is especially biting considering her father’s legacy. 
  • Martin Luther King Jr. stood his ground in countless incidents with police who used violent tactics in response to his peaceful protests, and, to his daughter’s point, offering a can of soda probably wouldn’t have help them see eye-to-eye with his mission of social justice — or stopped him from being assassinated. Read more. (4/5/2017 1:09 PM)

the-movemnt:

Jeff Sessions is doing exactly what we thought he would

  • Attorney General Jeff Sessions ordered a review Monday of all 14 consent decrees made with police departments under the Obama administration, casting doubt on whether those agreements — which the Justice Department had ordered to accelerate police reform — would survive the Trump era.“Local control and local accountability are necessary for effective local policing,” Sessions wrote in the two-page memo. 
  • “It is not the responsibility of the federal government to manage non-federal law enforcement agencies.“None of this is surprising. 
  • Sessions has long sought to delegitimize reports that police departments have engaged in rampant civil rights abuses against black residents. At a press conference in February, he dismissed the DOJ’s findings about the Chicago police, even though he hadn’t read them. Read more. (4/4/2017 2:02 PM)

the-movemnt:

A cashier tried to convince this little girl to get a white doll. She said no.

  • As a prize for a month of successful potty-training, two-year-old Sophia Benner picked out a doll she loved at a local Target — but when she and her mother got to the checkout, a cashier tried to talk her out of her purchase because Sophia is white, and the doll she picked out was black. Sophia’s mother, Brandi Benner, described the incident in an Instagram post on Saturday.
  • Benner wrote that she was about to respond to the cashier when her daughter jumped in with a succinct, and perfect, explanation. “I immediately became angry, but before I could say anything, Sophia responded with, ‘Yes, she does. She’s a doctor like I’m a doctor. And I’m a pretty girl and she’s a pretty girl. See her pretty hair? And see her stethoscope?” Read more. (4/4/2017 1:15 PM)

micdotcom:

Ivanka Trump’s neighbor — with her fur coat and wine glass — is now a style icon

  • Move over, Ken Bone. The current political climate has gifted us an unlikely style icon once more. 
  • This time, it comes in the form of a woman named Dianne Bruce, who happened to be photographed smiling broadly while watching hundreds of LGBTQ climate activists protest her neighbors, Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner, by holding a dance party outside of their home. 
  • Rather than wearing something as standard as a robe while standing on the front steps of her house though, Bruce took this protest as an opportunity to personify glamour, wearing a large fur coat and holding a wine glass (full of white wine, it looks like) in her hand. Read more. (4/4/2017 2:30 PM)

micdotcom:

Ivanka Trump’s neighbor — with her fur coat and wine glass — is now a style icon

  • Move over, Ken Bone. The current political climate has gifted us an unlikely style icon once more. 
  • This time, it comes in the form of a woman named Dianne Bruce, who happened to be photographed smiling broadly while watching hundreds of LGBTQ climate activists protest her neighbors, Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner, by holding a dance party outside of their home. 
  • Rather than wearing something as standard as a robe while standing on the front steps of her house though, Bruce took this protest as an opportunity to personify glamour, wearing a large fur coat and holding a wine glass (full of white wine, it looks like) in her hand. Read more. (4/4/2017 2:30 PM)

archiemcphee:

Sure, the Xenomorph is a relentless predator hell-bent on propagating their species at the cost of all other lifeforms, but sometimes all they really want is a cuddle. This kawaii crocheted Alien (who almost certainly does not have acid blood) is the latest creation by Polish crochet artist Kamila Krawczyk, aka Krawka (previously featured here).

Although Krawka is keeping this Alien Xenomorph to cuddle herself, she’s made the pattern available for download via her Etsy shop.

image

[via Nerd Approved]

archiemcphee:

Sure, the Xenomorph is a relentless predator hell-bent on propagating their species at the cost of all other lifeforms, but sometimes all they really want is a cuddle. This kawaii crocheted Alien (who almost certainly does not have acid blood) is the latest creation by Polish crochet artist Kamila Krawczyk, aka Krawka (previously featured here).

Although Krawka is keeping this Alien Xenomorph to cuddle herself, she’s made the pattern available for download via her Etsy shop.

image

[via Nerd Approved]

archiemcphee:

Sure, the Xenomorph is a relentless predator hell-bent on propagating their species at the cost of all other lifeforms, but sometimes all they really want is a cuddle. This kawaii crocheted Alien (who almost certainly does not have acid blood) is the latest creation by Polish crochet artist Kamila Krawczyk, aka Krawka (previously featured here).

Although Krawka is keeping this Alien Xenomorph to cuddle herself, she’s made the pattern available for download via her Etsy shop.

image

[via Nerd Approved]

todayinhistory:

February 22nd 1943: White Rose group executed

On this day in 1943, three members of the peaceful resistance movement in Nazi Germany, the White Rose, were executed. The White Rose, comprising students from the University of Munich and their philosophy professor, began in June 1942. The group secretly distributed leaflets protesting against the regime of Adolf Hitler and the war being waged in Europe, highlighting the repressive nature of the Nazi police state and drawing attention to the mistreatment of Jews. The group took precautions to avoid capture by keeping the White Rose group very small. However, on 18th February 1943, the siblings Sophie and Hans Scholl were discovered distributing leaflets by a university janitor, who informed the Gestapo. Hans and Sophie were arrested and immediately admitted guilt, hoping to avoid being coerced into implicating their fellow members of the White Rose, but after further interrogation were forced to give up the names. Four days later, the Scholls and Christoph Probst – some of the founding members of the group – were put on trial and found guilty of treason; they were sentenced to death. That same day, February 22nd, the three were executed by beheading at Stadelheim Prison. After their executions, the remaining members were arrested and killed, thus ending the White Rose resistance movement. The White Rose, alongside other groups like the Edelweiss Pirates, are an important example of Germans speaking out against Hitler’s regime, and their deaths are yet another in the litany of Nazi crimes.

“We will not be silent. We are your bad conscience. The White Rose will not leave you in peace!”

todayinhistory:

February 22nd 1943: White Rose group executed

On this day in 1943, three members of the peaceful resistance movement in Nazi Germany, the White Rose, were executed. The White Rose, comprising students from the University of Munich and their philosophy professor, began in June 1942. The group secretly distributed leaflets protesting against the regime of Adolf Hitler and the war being waged in Europe, highlighting the repressive nature of the Nazi police state and drawing attention to the mistreatment of Jews. The group took precautions to avoid capture by keeping the White Rose group very small. However, on 18th February 1943, the siblings Sophie and Hans Scholl were discovered distributing leaflets by a university janitor, who informed the Gestapo. Hans and Sophie were arrested and immediately admitted guilt, hoping to avoid being coerced into implicating their fellow members of the White Rose, but after further interrogation were forced to give up the names. Four days later, the Scholls and Christoph Probst – some of the founding members of the group – were put on trial and found guilty of treason; they were sentenced to death. That same day, February 22nd, the three were executed by beheading at Stadelheim Prison. After their executions, the remaining members were arrested and killed, thus ending the White Rose resistance movement. The White Rose, alongside other groups like the Edelweiss Pirates, are an important example of Germans speaking out against Hitler’s regime, and their deaths are yet another in the litany of Nazi crimes.

“We will not be silent. We are your bad conscience. The White Rose will not leave you in peace!”

todayinhistory:

February 22nd 1943: White Rose group executed

On this day in 1943, three members of the peaceful resistance movement in Nazi Germany, the White Rose, were executed. The White Rose, comprising students from the University of Munich and their philosophy professor, began in June 1942. The group secretly distributed leaflets protesting against the regime of Adolf Hitler and the war being waged in Europe, highlighting the repressive nature of the Nazi police state and drawing attention to the mistreatment of Jews. The group took precautions to avoid capture by keeping the White Rose group very small. However, on 18th February 1943, the siblings Sophie and Hans Scholl were discovered distributing leaflets by a university janitor, who informed the Gestapo. Hans and Sophie were arrested and immediately admitted guilt, hoping to avoid being coerced into implicating their fellow members of the White Rose, but after further interrogation were forced to give up the names. Four days later, the Scholls and Christoph Probst – some of the founding members of the group – were put on trial and found guilty of treason; they were sentenced to death. That same day, February 22nd, the three were executed by beheading at Stadelheim Prison. After their executions, the remaining members were arrested and killed, thus ending the White Rose resistance movement. The White Rose, alongside other groups like the Edelweiss Pirates, are an important example of Germans speaking out against Hitler’s regime, and their deaths are yet another in the litany of Nazi crimes.

“We will not be silent. We are your bad conscience. The White Rose will not leave you in peace!”

usatodaysports:

Celebrate the 37th anniversary of the Miracle On Ice in photos

usatodaysports:

Celebrate the 37th anniversary of the Miracle On Ice in photos

usatodaysports:

Celebrate the 37th anniversary of the Miracle On Ice in photos

usatodaysports:

Celebrate the 37th anniversary of the Miracle On Ice in photos

smithsonian:

Each of these orchids is a work of art.

There are more than 100 stunning blooms featured at the 2017 Orchid Exhibition by

Smithsonian Gardens and the United States Botanic Garden. This is the first time the annual show is at our @hirshhorn museum, where orchids act as colorful, time-based installations that constantly change over the course of the exhibition.

You can see “orchids: A MOMENT” through May 14.

smithsonian:

Yayoi Kusama’s installations are immersive, colorful, and sparkly. And for the first time ever, you can see six of her iconic Infinity Mirror rooms together in one place. 

We’re giving you a sneak peek at “Yayoi Kusama: Infinity Mirrors,” which opens Feb. 23 at our @hirshhorn museum. 

Kusama’s kaleidoscopic installations give the illusion of infinite space. #InfiniteKusama celebrates the legendary Japanese artist’s 65-year career, and has a selection of other key works beyond the dazzling rooms, including some never shown before in the U.S.

Free timed passes are required for the exhibition, which runs through May 14. Plan your visit at kusama.si.edu

© Yayoi Kusama, photos by Cathy Carver

smithsonian:

Yayoi Kusama’s installations are immersive, colorful, and sparkly. And for the first time ever, you can see six of her iconic Infinity Mirror rooms together in one place. 

We’re giving you a sneak peek at “Yayoi Kusama: Infinity Mirrors,” which opens Feb. 23 at our @hirshhorn museum. 

Kusama’s kaleidoscopic installations give the illusion of infinite space. #InfiniteKusama celebrates the legendary Japanese artist’s 65-year career, and has a selection of other key works beyond the dazzling rooms, including some never shown before in the U.S.

Free timed passes are required for the exhibition, which runs through May 14. Plan your visit at kusama.si.edu

© Yayoi Kusama, photos by Cathy Carver

micdotcom:

Trump cited a nonexistent incident in Sweden during his Florida rally on Saturday

  • To be very clear, Sweden does not seem to have experienced any broad-scale horrors on Friday night. 
  • As such, many people are wondering: When President Donald Trump asked the crowd at his Saturday rally to recall recent terror attacks in the Nordic country, what the hell was he talking about?
  • Trump said: “Here’s the bottom line: We’ve got to keep our country safe. You look at what’s happening — we’ve got to keep our country safe. You look at what’s happening in Germany, you look at what’s happening last night in Sweden. Sweden, who would believe this?” Read more. (2/19/2017 11:00 AM)

micdotcom:

Trump cited a nonexistent incident in Sweden during his Florida rally on Saturday

  • To be very clear, Sweden does not seem to have experienced any broad-scale horrors on Friday night. 
  • As such, many people are wondering: When President Donald Trump asked the crowd at his Saturday rally to recall recent terror attacks in the Nordic country, what the hell was he talking about?
  • Trump said: “Here’s the bottom line: We’ve got to keep our country safe. You look at what’s happening — we’ve got to keep our country safe. You look at what’s happening in Germany, you look at what’s happening last night in Sweden. Sweden, who would believe this?” Read more. (2/19/2017 11:00 AM)

micdotcom:

Trump cited a nonexistent incident in Sweden during his Florida rally on Saturday

  • To be very clear, Sweden does not seem to have experienced any broad-scale horrors on Friday night. 
  • As such, many people are wondering: When President Donald Trump asked the crowd at his Saturday rally to recall recent terror attacks in the Nordic country, what the hell was he talking about?
  • Trump said: “Here’s the bottom line: We’ve got to keep our country safe. You look at what’s happening — we’ve got to keep our country safe. You look at what’s happening in Germany, you look at what’s happening last night in Sweden. Sweden, who would believe this?” Read more. (2/19/2017 11:00 AM)