San Francisco, California. High school boys, on balcony of Japanese American Citizens League at 2031 Bush Street, look down sidewalk where friends boarded evacuation buses. Evacuees of Japanese ancestry will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.” 4/29/1942

Lange, Dorothea, 1895-1965, Photographer. Series: Central Photographic File of the War Relocation Authority, 1942 – 1945. Record Group 210: Records of the War Relocation Authority, 1941 – 1989

Professional photographers such as Dorothea Lange were commissioned by the War Relocation Authority to document the daily life and treatment of Japanese-Americans interned during World War II.  More War Relocation Authority photos by Dorothea Lange.

Explore more resources from @usnatarchives​ on Japanese American Internment and Executive Order 9066:


The 2017 NFL Draft begins today.

Gerald Ford’s college football career at the University of Michigan ended in 1935, a year before the National Football League (NFL) held its first draft. It’s widely known that he received contract offers to play professional football for the Green Bay Packers and Detroit Lions, although he declined them to pursue his dream of attending law school.  What had not been well known is that the future President also received an offer to play for the Chicago Bears. 

This little known fact was recently discovered by a visiting researcher who uncovered a long buried letter from George Halas, owner and coach of the Bears as well as a co-founder of the NFL. In the letter Halas confirmed that he made his contract offer to Jerry Ford following his participation in the 1935 College All-Star game, an exhibition game played against the Bears in Chicago. He also expressed his belief in Ford’s ability to play at the professional level, writing that “Jerry had the size, the speed and mobility and obviously the reflexes that are a part of a quick, sharp mentality so he most assuredly would have become an excellent big league lineman.”

President Ford received a copy of the Halas letter and an article about his football career from Bill Wolfan, a friend from Grand Rapids who met young Jerry Ford while covering high school sports for the Grand Rapids Herald. Wolfan went on to work in the Public Affairs Department at the Chicago Transit  Authority (CTA), which also had charge of Soldier Field, home stadium for the Chicago Bears.

Image: Copy of letter from George Halas to W.B. “Bill” Wolfan, 1/9/1975, from the White House Central Files Subject File, Box 1, “PP 2 Exec. 9/1/75 – 2/28/76″

FAQs for government entities regarding Cafeteria Plans

FAQs for government entities regarding Cafeteria Plans

What is a cafeteria plan?

A cafeteria plan is a separate written plan maintained by an employer for employees that meets the specific requirements of and regulations of section 125 of the Internal Revenue Code. It provides participants an opportunity to receive certain benefits on a pretax basis. Participants in a cafeteria plan must be permitted to choose among at least one taxable benefit (such…

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FAQs for government entities regarding Cafeteria Plans

What is a cafeteria plan?

A cafeteria plan is a separate written plan maintained by an employer for employees that meets the specific requirements of and regulations of section 125 of the Internal Revenue Code. It provides participants an opportunity to receive certain benefits on a pretax basis. Participants in a cafeteria plan must be permitted to choose among at least one taxable benefit (such as cash) and one qualified benefit.

A qualified benefit is a benefit that does not defer compensation and is excludable from an employee’s gross income under a specific provision of the Code, without being subject to the principles of constructive receipt. Qualified benefits include the following:

  • Accident and health benefits (but not Archer medical savings accounts or long-term care insurance)
  • Adoption assistance
  • Dependent care assistance
  • Group-term life insurance coverage
  • Health savings accounts, including distributions to pay long-term care services

The written plan must specifically describe all benefits and establish rules for eligibility and elections.

A section 125 plan is the only means by which an employer can offer employees a choice between taxable and nontaxable benefits without the choice causing the benefits to become taxable. A plan offering only a choice between taxable benefits is not a section 125 plan.

Source: FAQs for government entities regarding Cafeteria Plans


Malaysian MP says rape victims can marry their rapists to avoid “bleak future”

  • A Malaysian member of parliament thinks rape victims might improve their odds at living happy lives — might “turn a new leaf” — if they marry their rapists, the Guardian reported Wednesday.
  • “Perhaps through marriage they can lead a healthier, better life,” Datuk Shabudin Yahaya speculated, according to the Guardian. “And the person who was raped does not necessarily have a bleak future. She will have a husband, at least, and this could serve as a remedy to growing social problems.“Yahaya had been talking about statutory rape during a debate on Malaysia’s Sexual Offenses Against Children bill, which passed Malaysia’s House of Representatives on Tuesday. 
  • The bill aims to protect people under the age of 18 from sexual abuse, and allows underage victims to testify to their own mistreatment. It’s one step toward reforming Malaysia’s much-maligned laws that have allowed sex crimes against children to go largely unpunished. Read more. (4/5/2017 10:30 AM)


This senator pulled an all-nighter to oppose Neil Gorsuch

  • Sen. Jeff Merkley (D-Ore.) pulled an all-nighter Tuesday night into Wednesday morning to oppose Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsuch, in which he stood on the Senate floor for 15-and-a-half hours to voice his discontent.
  • Merkley’s protest began around 6:46 p.m. on Tuesday and wrapped up at 10:14 a.m. Wednesday morning.
  • He stood on the Senate floor next to an image of the preamble of the Constitution, vowing to stand there in protest for “as long I am able.” Read more. (4/5/2017 8:15 AM)


Study suggests young people hazy on what constitutes sexual assault — especially young men

  • People might be increasingly aware that sexual assault is a real and widespread problem, but that doesn’t mean everyone knows what sexual assault actually means. 
  • Adults — men, especially — are still somewhat hazy on what constitutes sexual assault, according to new data from the National Sexual Violence Resource Center, in partnership with YouGov. In an online poll, the NSVRC surveyed 1,221 adults over a two-day period in March. 
  • People largely seem to understand sex without consent is a problem, with more than 80% of respondents saying non-consensual sex and non-consensual touching were sexual assault. Read more. (4/4/2017 3:30 PM)


Researchers confirm that mysterious radio waves are actually coming from outer space

  • The truth is out there — somewhere. Researchers at the Australian National University’s Swinburne University of Technology have confirmed that short bursts of radio waves that had stumped astronomers since their discovery are actually coming from far, far beyond Earth.
  • The Fast Radio Bursts, or short, intense pulses of radio light, were first picked up at Australia’s Parkes Observatory nearly 10 years ago, according to a statement released Monday by the Swinburne University of Technology. 
  • According to researchers, the FRBs are “about a billion times more luminous” than anything that’s been observed within our own galaxy.But for a long time, scientists couldn’t determine from where, exactly, the bursts were originating. Read more. (4/4/2017 10:03 AM)


Is your future work ID a microchip implant in your body? These workers have made the leap.

  • It’s only human, not to mention frustrating, to forget passwords or misplace your phone, keys or work ID. But is implantable chip technology the solution to make life more convenient — and would you allow your employer to implant a tiny chip into your body to transform you into a cyborg of sorts?
  • That’s a question being actively explored at a Swedish company, Epicenter, where workers are already letting their employer implant a tiny microchip — the size of a grain of rice — in their hands. 
  • The chip allows employees to open doors, use technology with ease and even purchase food without having to fumble for key cards, credit cards, phones or passwords. Workers are even hosting implant parties for their newly chipped colleagues. Read more. (4/4/2017 11:45 AM)


“We still have a dream” banner flies in Memphis, 49 years after MLK’s assassination

Organizers with the Movement for Black Lives and the Fight for $15 dropped a banner in Memphis on Tuesday, marking the 49th anniversary of the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in the city where he was killed.

The banner, which reads “We still have a dream,” also includes a call for residents to meet at city hall at 5 p.m. for a march to the Lorraine Motel, where King was killed on a balcony outside his second-story room.

The banner’s placement seems symbolic, too. It hangs on Riverside Drive:: Riverside is the name of the church in New York City where King made one of his last major speeches, 50 years ago on Tuesday. Titled “Beyond Vietnam,” the civil rights leader spoke out against not only the Vietnam War, but also racial and socioeconomic inequality in the United States. Read more. (4/4/2017 11:50 AM)

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